Pak Air Force Starts AI Development to Improve Warfare Capabilities


Now Reading: Pak Air Force Starts AI Development to Improve Warfare Capabilities 

The Pakistan Air Force (PAF) has announced that it has formed an in-house ‘Centre of Artificial Intelligence and Computing’ (CENTAIC) with the purpose of delving into AI development. According to a statement by the PAF Chief of Air Staff (CAS and Air Chief Marshal (ACM) – Mujahid Anwar Khan – the CENTAIC will help to make the incorporation of AI into the operational domain of PAF possible. This will serve to increase the usage of Artificial Intelligence in warfare and will be used for military as well as civilian purposes.

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is undoubtedly the most powerful technology of our time. It enables computers to learn from data and write programs that no humans can. The potential advances are nothing short of breathtaking. The World is doing groundbreaking work in this area. From self-driving cars to robotics, the scope of AI in modern technology is limitless. Especially in modern warfare, the importance of AI is undeniable. So, the establishment of CENTAIC was practically inevitable.

PAF’s Goal for AI Related Applications

Realizing this, PAF has decided to focus on developing AI via its newly established CENTAIC. As for its focus, the scope of CENTAIC’s activities are not yet known to the public. According to reports though, it might be delving into various key fields related to AI. These involve machine learning, machine learning, deep learning, predictive analytics, big data, and potentially, natural language processing (NLP). PAF will draw on these fields and use their applications in the current and emerging air warfare scenarios. The most notable out of these use cases involves drone development.


PAF, with its CENTAIC, aims to drive its next-generation fighter aircraft (NGFA) aspirations. It will also enable the air force to develop sensor fusion technology. What this will accomplish is that PAF will be able to develop tech that combines sensory data from multiple sources such as radars, lidars, and cameras. After combining all the data it gets into a single model with the least uncertainty, it balances the strengths of the various sensors.

Other AI enhanced next-generation weapon systems for the Pakistan Air Force enabled by CENTAIC will include the PAF’s medium-altitude long-endurance (MALE) unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), fifth-generation stealth fighter jets and other such advanced weapons under the Project Azm. AI could be utilized in Project Azm for several different applications such as algorithms for guidance systems for air-to-air and air-to-surface missiles, human-machine-interfaces (HMI) and image processing for TV/IR seekers.

CENTAIC’s establishment will also serve to remove limitations that were previously linked with the research of transmit-and-receive modules (TRM) for active electronically scanned array (AESA) radars. It will will also enable Pakistan to sign bilateral R&D initiatives with different countries. Moreover, despite being mainly focused on warfare applications, CENTAIC’s underlying infrastructure and research may further drive AI development for healthcare, manufacturing, resource management, and other areas, both in the public as well as private sectors.


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