Fossil fuel pollution has shortened the average lifespan in Pakistan by 3.8 years. Researchers from Harvard University collaborating with the universities of Birmingham, Leicester, and the University College London reported.
At least 8 million people succumbed to air pollution every year, a new study unveiled unbelievable facts and figures.
Burning coal and oil disturb solar radiation and cause global warming while it also releases tiny poisonous particles, PM2.5. Which are small enough to penetrate the human lungs and can aggravate respiratory conditions like asthma and can lead to lung cancer, coronary heart disease, strokes, and early death.
Particulate matter (PM) is a mix of solids and liquids, including carbon, complex organic chemicals, sulfates, nitrates, mineral dust, and water suspended in the air.
Air pollution has reduced lives by more than two years on average worldwide. Likewise, at least eight months on average in European countries.
Asia remained the worst-hit region as the average lifespan has been reduced by 4.1 years in China and 3.9 years in India.
Joel Schwartz, a professor of Environmental Epidemiology at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health and the co-author of the research said,
We often discuss the dangers of fossil fuel combustion in the context of CO2 and climate change and overlook the potential health impacts.
He emphasized the need to cut down greenhouse gas emissions and accelerate the global shift from brown to green energy. Consequently, to avoid the premature deaths of millions of individuals.
Pakistan and Air Pollution
In 2018, fossil fuel pollution resulted in over eight million premature deaths. While causing almost 20 percent of the adult mortality rate worldwide, the researchers reported in the Environmental Research journal.
On Monday, Lahore has been ranked as the second most atmospherically-polluted city in the world on the AQI. It highlights a dismal score of 247 on Monday.
International association for medical assistance to travelers reported that:
Following the World Health Organization’s guidelines, the air quality in Pakistan is considered unsafe. The most recent data indicates the country’s annual mean concentration of PM2.5 is 58 µg/m3, exceeding the recommended maximum of 10 µg/m3.
Contributors to poor air quality in Pakistan include vehicle emissions, solid waste burning, and industrial emissions. Seasonal variations in pollution exist, with the highest levels of air pollution in the winter (December to March). Also, the available data indicates that Peshawar, Rawalpindi, Karachi, Islamabad, and Lahore have consistently high levels of air pollution.
What is Air Pollution?
Air pollution is the presence of substances in the atmosphere that are harmful to the health of humans and other living beings. It can also cause damage to the climate or materials.
Certainly,there are different types of air pollutants, such as gases, particulates (both organic and inorganic), and biological molecules. Air pollution may cause diseases, allergies, and even death to humans.
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